Afghanistan fast facts

Geography

map afghanistan 1

Terrain: Mostly rugged mountains with plains in the north and southwest

Arable Land: 12%

People

Population: 33,332,025 (May 2016)

Population Density: 54.1 per square kilometer

Age Structure: 0-14 years - 41.03%, 15-64 - 56.4%, 65 years and older- 2.57%

Population Growth: 2.34% annually (2016)

Major Cities: Capital is Kabul 4.635 million. Other cities: Kandahar 557,118, Mazar-e- Sharif 693,000. Urbanites number 26.7% (2015)

Ethnic Groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) 13%, Uzbek 9%

Languages: Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

Literacy: 38.2% (male=52%, female=24.2%)

Languages with Scriptures: 24 Bibles, 7 New Testaments, 8 portions (2010)

Religions: Sunni Muslim 84.7%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other .3%

Christian churches are not permitted. The number of Afghan Christians is estimated to be fewer than 15,000

Communications

Telephones: 110,000 (2015)

Mobile Telephones: 19.709 million (2015)

Radio Stations: 150 private radio stations, more than 30 community-based radio stations

Radios: 167,000 (1999)

Television Stations: 50 (2007)

Televisions: 100,000 (2002)

Internet Service Providers: 46 (2010)

Internet Users: 2.69 million (2015)

Data Sources: World Factbook, Internet World Stats and Operation World

 

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